Cerebello-basal Ganglia Networks and Cortical Network Global Efficiency. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The cerebellum (CB) and basal ganglia (BG) each have topographically distinct functional subregions that are functionally and anatomically interconnected with cortical regions through discrete thalamic loops and with each other via disynaptic connections, with previous work detailing high levels of functional connectivity between these phylogenetically ancient regions. It was posited that this CB-BG network provides support for cortical systems processing, spanning cognitive, emotional, and motor domains, implying that subcortical network measures are strongly related to cortical network measures (Bostan & Strick, 2018); however, it is currently unknown how network measures within distinct CB-BG networks relate to cortical network measures. Here, 122 regions of interest comprising cognitive and motor CB-BG networks and 7 canonical cortical resting-state were used to investigate whether the integration (quantified using global efficiency, GE) of cognitive CB-BG network (CCBN) nodes and their segregation from motor CB-BG network (MCBN) nodes is related to cortical network GE and segregation in 233 non-related, right-handed participants (Human Connectome Project-1200). CCBN GE positively correlated with GE in the default mode, motor, and auditory networks and MCBN GE positively correlated with GE in all networks, except the default mode and emotional. MCBN segregation was related to motor network segregation. These findings highlight the CB-BG network's potential role in cortical networks associated with executive function, task switching, and verbal working memory. This work has implications for understanding cortical network organization and cortical-subcortical interactions in healthy adults and may help in determining biomarkers and deciphering subcortical differences seen in disease states.

published proceedings

  • Cerebellum

author list (cited authors)

  • Jackson, T. B., & Bernard, J. A.

complete list of authors

  • Jackson, T Bryan||Bernard, Jessica A

publication date

  • January 1, 2022 11:11 AM