Development and Characterization of Human Primary Cholangiocarcinoma Cell Lines. Academic Article uri icon


  • Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common primary liver tumor and is associated with late diagnosis, limited treatment options, and a 5-year survival rate of around 30%. CCA cell lines were first established in 1971, and since then, only 70 to 80 CCA cell lines have been established. These cell lines have been essential in basic and translational research to understand and identify novel mechanistic pathways, biomarkers, and disease-specific genes. Each CCA cell line has unique characteristics, reflecting a specific genotype, sex-related properties, and patient-related signatures, making them scientifically and commercially valuable. CCA cell lines are crucial in the use of novel technologies, such as three-dimensional organoid models, which help to model the tumor microenvironment and cell-to-cell crosstalk between tumor-neighboring cells. This review highlights crucial information on CCA cell lines, including: i) type of CCA (eg, intra- or extrahepatic), ii) isolation source (eg, primary tumor or xenograft), iii) chemical digestion method (eg, trypsin or collagenase), iv) cell-sorting method (colony isolation or removal of fibroblasts), v) maintenance-medium choice (eg, RPMI or Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium), vi) cell morphology (eg, spindle or polygonal shape), and vii) doubling time of cells.

published proceedings

  • Am J Pathol

altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Isidan, A., Yenigun, A., Soma, D., Aksu, E., Lopez, K., Park, Y., ... Ekser, B.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Isidan, Abdulkadir||Yenigun, Ali||Soma, Daiki||Aksu, Eric||Lopez, Kevin||Park, Yujin||Cross-Najafi, Arthur||Li, Ping||Kundu, Debjyoti||House, Michael G||Chakraborty, Sanjukta||Glaser, Shannon||Kennedy, Lindsey||Francis, Heather||Zhang, Wenjun||Alpini, Gianfranco||Ekser, Burcin

publication date

  • September 2022