Dielectric surface-controlled low-voltage organic transistors via n-alkyl phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers on high-k metal oxide. Academic Article uri icon


  • In this paper, we report on n-alkyl phosphonic acid (PA) self-assembled monolayer (SAM)/hafnium oxide (HfO(2)) hybrid dielectrics utilizing the advantages of SAMs for control over the dielectric/semiconductor interface with those of high-k metal oxides for low-voltage organic thin film transistors (OTFTs). By systematically varying the number of carbon atoms of the n-alkyl PA SAM from six to eighteen on HfO(2) with stable and low leakage current density, we observe how the structural nature of the SAM affects the thin-film crystal structure and morphology, and subsequent device performance of low-voltage pentacene based OTFTs. We find that two primary structural factors of the SAM play a critical role in optimizing the device electrical characteristics, namely, the order/disorder of the SAM and its physical thickness. High saturation-field-effect mobilities result at a balance between disordered SAMs to promote large pentacene grains and thick SAMs to aid in physically buffering the charge carriers in pentacene from the adverse effects of the underlying high-k oxide. Employing the appropriate n-alkyl PA SAM/HfO(2) hybrid dielectrics, pentacene-based OTFTs operate under -2.0 V with low hysteresis, on-off current ratios above 1 x 10(6), threshold voltages below -0.6 V, subthreshold slopes as low as 100 mV dec(-1), and field-effect mobilities as high as 1.8 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1).

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

author list (cited authors)

  • Acton, O., Ting, G. G., Shamberger, P. J., Ohuchi, F. S., Ma, H., & Jen, A

citation count

  • 94

complete list of authors

  • Acton, Orb||Ting, Guy G||Shamberger, Patrick J||Ohuchi, Fumio S||Ma, Hong||Jen, Alex K-Y

publication date

  • February 2010