Program evaluation of neuroscience competency programs to implement evidence-based practices.
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RATIONALE: Program evaluation is essential to help determine the success of an evidence-based practice program and assist with translating these processes across settings. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 2 competency programs that sought to improve neurocritical care nurses' knowledge of and adherence to evidence-based stroke and spinal cord injury guidelines. These programs consisted of 3 specific implementation strategies, including local opinion leaders, printed educational materials, and educational outreach. METHODS: A qualitative study using one-on-one interviews with 10 neurocritical care nurses was used. Semi-structured interview questions examined the nurses' perceptions of the competency programs and the implementation strategies used; themes were identified through first-level coding. The transcripts were deductively analyzed and categorized using a predetermined implementation outcomes framework, including the concepts of acceptability, appropriateness, adoption, and sustainability. RESULTS: Nurses reported that the 3 implementation strategies used for the competency programs were acceptable and appropriate. Further, the nurses perceived that the evidence-based practices reviewed during the programs were being adopted into practice and provided suggestions for sustaining improvements in nursing knowledge of and adherence to these evidence-based practices. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study support the success of the Stroke and Spinal Cord Injury Competency Programs, as well as the usefulness of the 3 implementation strategies used. This study provides insight for improvements for subsequent studies focused on implementing evidence-based practices.
author list (cited authors)
Reynolds, S. S., McLennon, S. M., Ebright, P. R., Murray, L. L., & Bakas, T.
complete list of authors
Reynolds, Staci Sue||McLennon, Susan M||Ebright, Patricia R||Murray, Laura L||Bakas, Tamilyn