Interaction Effects with Varying N in SU(N) Symmetric Fermion Lattice Systems Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The interaction effects in ultracold Fermi gases with SU(N) symmetry are studied nonperturbatively in half filled one-dimensional lattices by employing quantum MonteCarlo simulations. We find that, as N increases, weak and strong interacting systems are driven to a crossover region, but from opposite directions as a convergence of itinerancy and Mottness. In the weak interaction region, particles are nearly itinerant, and interparticle collisions are enhanced by N, resulting in the amplification of interaction effects. In contrast, in the strong coupling region, increasing N softens the Mott-insulating background through the enhanced virtual hopping processes. The crossover region exhibits nearly N-independent physical quantities, including the relative bandwidth, Fermi distribution, and the spin structure factor. The difference between even-N and odd-N systems is most prominent at small N's with strong interactions, since the odd case allows local real hopping with an energy scale much larger than the virtual one. The above effects can be experimentally tested in ultracold atom experiments with alkaline-earth(-like) fermions such as ^{87}Sr (^{173}Yb).

published proceedings

  • Physical Review Letters

author list (cited authors)

  • Xu, S., Barreiro, J. T., Wang, Y. u., & Wu, C.

complete list of authors

  • Xu, Shenglong||Barreiro, Julio T||Wang, Yu||Wu, Congjun

publication date

  • October 2018