Avoiding HFC growth is critical for keeping global warming below 2 C during the 21st century Institutional Repository Document uri icon


  • Abstract. There is growing international interest in mitigating climate change during the early part of this century by reducing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs), in addition to reducing emissions of CO2. The SLCPs include methane (CH4), black carbon aerosols (BC), tropospheric ozone (O3) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Recent studies have estimated that by mitigating emissions of CH4, BC, and O3 using available technologies, about 0.5 to 0.6 C warming can be avoided by mid-21st century. Here we show that avoiding production and use of high-GWP (global warming potential) HFCs by using technologically feasible low-GWP substitutes to meet the increasing global demand can avoid as much as another 0.5 C warming by end of the century, therefore significantly reducing the rate of warming and lowering the probability of exceeding the 2 C warming threshold during this century.

author list (cited authors)

  • Xu, Y., Zaelke, D., Velders, G., & Ramanathan, V.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Xu, Y||Zaelke, D||Velders, GJM||Ramanathan, V

Book Title

  • EGUsphere

publication date

  • December 2012