Similarity and Contact Frequency Promote Mentorship Quality among Hispanic Undergraduates in STEM. Academic Article uri icon


  • Mentoring relationships can be important for promoting the success and persistence of undergraduates, particularly for students from historically underrepresented groups in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. While mentoring is often cited as important for attracting and retaining students from underrepresented groups in STEM, little is known about the differential mentoring processes that can result from similar and dissimilar mentor-protg pairs. The present study tests the process-oriented mentorship model (POMM) regarding how mentor-protg similarities and the moderating role of contact frequency influence mentorship quality and STEM research career persistence intentions among faculty-mentored Hispanic STEM majors in their senior year of college. The results indicate that mentor-protg similarity matters. Specifically, higher levels of mentor-protg psychological similarity were related to higher levels of psychosocial support and relationship satisfaction. Hispanic students with a Hispanic faculty mentor reported engaging in more coauthoring opportunities than peers with non-Hispanic mentors. Among those with higher contact frequency, students with same-gender mentors had higher levels of relationship satisfaction than peers with different-gender mentors; however, there were no differences among those with low contact frequency. Additionally, protgs who reported coauthoring support were more likely to also report commitment to pursuing a STEM research career.

published proceedings

  • CBE Life Sci Educ

altmetric score

  • 3.85

author list (cited authors)

  • Pedersen, R. M., Ferguson, C. F., Estrada, M., Schultz, P. W., Woodcock, A., & Hernandez, P. R.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Pedersen, Rachelle M||Ferguson, Carinna F||Estrada, Mica||Schultz, P Wesley||Woodcock, Anna||Hernandez, Paul R

editor list (cited editors)

  • Eddy, S.

publication date

  • January 2022