Identifying Individuals Who Currently Report Feelings of Anxiety Using Walking Gait and Quiet Balance: An Exploratory Study Using Machine Learning. Academic Article uri icon


  • Literature suggests that anxiety affects gait and balance among young adults. However, previous studies using machine learning (ML) have only used gait to identify individuals who report feeling anxious. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify individuals who report feeling anxious at that time using a combination of gait and quiet balance ML. Using a cross-sectional design, participants (n = 88) completed the Profile of Mood Survey-Short Form (POMS-SF) to measure current feelings of anxiety and were then asked to complete a modified Clinical Test for Sensory Interaction in Balance (mCTSIB) and a two-minute walk around a 6 m track while wearing nine APDM mobility sensors. Results from our study finds that Random Forest classifiers had the highest median accuracy rate (75%) and the five top features for identifying anxious individuals were all gait parameters (turn angles, variance in neck, lumbar rotation, lumbar movement in the sagittal plane, and arm movement). Post-hoc analyses suggest that individuals who reported feeling anxious also walked using gait patterns most similar to older individuals who are fearful of falling. Additionally, we find that individuals who are anxious also had less postural stability when they had visual input; however, these individuals had less movement during postural sway when visual input was removed.

published proceedings

  • Sensors (Basel)

altmetric score

  • 149.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Stark, M., Huang, H., Yu, L., Martin, R., McCarthy, R., Locke, E., ... Boolani, A.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Stark, Maggie||Huang, Haikun||Yu, Lap-Fai||Martin, Rebecca||McCarthy, Ryan||Locke, Emily||Yager, Chelsea||Torad, Ahmed Ali||Kadry, Ahmed Mahmoud||Elwan, Mostafa Ali||Smith, Matthew Lee||Bradley, Dylan||Boolani, Ali

publication date

  • April 2022