An elastic–plastic hybrid adhesion model for contacting rough surfaces in the presence of molecularly thin lubricant
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The study of adhesion has received considerable attention in recent years, partly due to advances in the design and fabrication of micro/nano devices. Many adhesion investigations are centered on single-spherical-contact models, which include the classic Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR), improved Derjaguin-Muller-Toporov (IDMT), and Maugis-Dugdale (MD) models. Based on the IDMT single-asperity model, adhesive rough surface contact models have also been developed, which are valid for elastic and elastic-plastic contact conditions. A limitation of the IDMT-based models is that they are only valid for application cases with low adhesion parameter values. In this research, a contacting rough surface adhesion model was developed by combining an extended Maugis-Dugdale (EMD) model (which is only valid for elastic contacts) with an IDMT-based elastic-plastic adhesion model. The proposed model, termed the elastic-plastic hybrid adhesion model, is valid for the entire adhesion parameter range and also for elastic-plastic contacts. The proposed model gives results similar to the EMD rough surface model when the contact is primarily elastic. Moreover, the proposed model was compared to an IDMT-based model (ISBL model) and both gave similar results for contacts with low adhesion parameter values. With high adhesion parameter values, the ISBL model fails, whereas the proposed model correctly predicts higher adhesion. Last, based on the stiffness of the external force, the instability for adhesive rough surfaces in contact was also discussed, and it was postulated that a high peak value of the external force stiffness directly relates to the unstable contact process.
author list (cited authors)
Shi, X. i., & Polycarpou, A. A.