Abstract 166: Insertion or Replacement of an Advanced Airway is Not Associated With Adverse Outcome in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Academic Article uri icon


  • Introduction: There is a paucity of data regarding variables that impact the outcome in patients who require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The impact of initial need or replacement of an existing advanced airway (AA) has not been described in this population. The 2016 Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) places emphasis on AA placement prior to initiating compressions in the delivery room setting. We hypothesized that providers would similarly emphasize airway placement for NICU CPR. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients requiring CPR with chest compressions from 2012 to 2017 across 10 NICUs in San Antonio, Texas. We identified cases by clinician selection of a CPR code and by a review of all patients who died prior to NICU discharge. Results: We review a total of 211 NICU CPR events, 210 of which had complete data regarding the AA. An AA was present at the onset of CPR for 179 (85.2%) of CPR events and an existing airway replaced during CPR for 31 (14.7%) CPR events. All patients without an AA present at onset of CPR had an airway immediately placed. The median time to insertion of AA was 1 minute (IQR 1, 5 minutes). In comparing patients who had an AA present at CPR onset versus absent AA, there was no significant difference in rate of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC, 63.7% vs 64.5%, p=0.92) or time to ROSC (10.2 vs 12.7 min, p=.66). The median time for replacement of an AA during CPR was 1 minute (IQR 1, 4 minutes). Those with a time to replace the AA of >= 5 minutes had a similar ROSC rate compared to those who had AA replacement in < 5 minutes (75% vs 73.7%, p=.96). The decision to replace an AA during CPR was associated with a non-significant increase in rate of ROSC (74.2% vs 62%, p=0.19) and no significant difference in time to ROSC (11.5 min vs. 10.4 min, p=0.65). Conclusions: The achievement of ROSC or time to ROSC are not impacted by the need to place an initial AA at the onset of CPR or the need to replace the AA during CPR in the NICU. This may be due to the rapid initial placement and replacement of the AA observed in NICU CPR events. These data indicate that NICU CPR providers emphasize rapid AA placement similar to NRP guidelines.

published proceedings

  • Circulation

author list (cited authors)

  • Ahmad, K. A., Stine, C. N., LeVan, J. M., Kohlleppel, K. L., Velasquez, S. G., Henderson, C. L., & Bhalala, U. S.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Ahmad, Kaashif A||Stine, Christina N||LeVan, Jaclyn M||Kohlleppel, Katy L||Velasquez, Steven G||Henderson, Cody L||Bhalala, Utpal S

publication date

  • November 2018