Isolation of microRNAs from Tick Ex Vivo Salivary Gland Cultures and Extracellular Vesicles. Academic Article uri icon


  • Ticks are important ectoparasites that can vector multiple pathogens. The salivary glands of ticks are essential for feeding as their saliva contains many effectors with pharmaceutical properties that can diminish host immune responses and enhance pathogen transmission. One group of such effectors are microRNAs (miRNAs). miRNAs are short non-coding sequences that regulate host gene expression at the tick-host interface and within the organs of the tick. These small RNAs are transported in the tick saliva via extracellular vesicles (EVs), which serve inter-and intracellular communication. Vesicles containing miRNAs have been identified in the saliva of ticks. However, little is known about the roles and profiles of the miRNAs in tick salivary vesicles and glands. Furthermore, the study of vesicles and miRNAs in tick saliva requires tedious procedures to collect tick saliva. This protocol aims to develop and validate a method for isolating miRNAs from purified extracellular vesicles produced by ex vivo organ cultures. The materials and methodology needed to extract miRNAs from extracellular vesicles and tick salivary glands are described herein.

published proceedings

  • J Vis Exp

altmetric score

  • 4.8

author list (cited authors)

  • Leal-Galvan, B., Harvey, C., Thomas, D., Saelao, P., & Oliva Chavez, A. S.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Leal-Galvan, Brenda||Harvey, Cristina||Thomas, Donald||Saelao, Perot||Oliva Chavez, Adela S

publication date

  • April 2022