Recent Developments in Drug Delivery for Treatment of Tuberculosis by Targeting Macrophages. Academic Article uri icon


  • Tuberculosis (TB) is among the greatest public health and safety concerns in the 21st century, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes TB, infects alveolar macrophages and uses these cells as one of its primary sites of replication. The current TB treatment regimen, which consist of chemotherapy involving a combination of 3-4 antimicrobials for a duration of 6-12 months, is marked with significant side effects, toxicity, and poor compliance. Targeted drug delivery offers a strategy that could overcome many of the problems of current TB treatment by specifically targeting infected macrophages. Recent advances in nanotechnology and material science have opened an avenue to explore drug carriers that actively and passively target macrophages. This approach can increase the drug penetration into macrophages by using ligands on the nanocarrier that interact with specific receptors for macrophages. This review encompasses the recent development of drug carriers specifically targeting macrophages actively and passively. Future directions and challenges associated with development of effective TB treatment is also discussed.

published proceedings

  • Adv Ther (Weinh)

altmetric score

  • 18.85

author list (cited authors)

  • Gairola, A., Benjamin, A., Weatherston, J. D., Cirillo, J. D., & Wu, H.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Gairola, Anirudh||Benjamin, Aaron||Weatherston, Joshua D||Cirillo, Jeffrey D||Wu, Hung-Jen

publication date

  • January 2022