Experimental Investigation of the Anisotropic Mechanical Response of the Porcine Thoracic Aorta.
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Knowledge of the mechanical properties of blood vessels and determining appropriate constitutive relations are essential in developing methodologies for accurate prognosis of vascular diseases. We examine the directional variation of the mechanical properties of the porcine thoracic aorta by performing uniaxial extension tests on dumbbell-shaped specimens cut at five different orientations with respect to the circumferential direction of the aorta. Specimens in all the orientations considered exhibit a nonlinear constitutive response that is typical of collagenous soft tissues. Shear strain under uniaxial extension demonstrates clearly discernible anisotropy of the mechanical response of the porcine aorta, and samples oriented at 45[Formula: see text] and 60[Formula: see text] with respect to the circumferential direction show a peculiar crescent-shaped shear strain-nominal stretch response not displayed by axial and circumferential specimens. Failure stress indicates decreasing tensile strength of the porcine aortic wall from the circumferential direction to the longitudinal direction. Furthermore, we determine the material parameters for the four-fiber-family and Gasser-Holzapfel-Ogden models from the mechanical response data of the circumferential and longitudinal specimens. It is shown how the material parameters derived from the uniaxial tests on circumferential and longitudinal specimens are insufficient to characterize the response of off-axis specimens.
author list (cited authors)
Myneni, M., Sridhar, R. L., Rajagopal, K. R., & Benjamin, C. C.
complete list of authors
Myneni, Manoj||Sridhar, Raghuveer Lalitha||Rajagopal, Kumbakonam R||Benjamin, Chandler C