Separation of nordihydrocapsiate from capsiate and major capsaicinoid analogues using ultra high performance liquid chromatography.
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Accurate, rapid quantitation of the capsaicinoid and capsinoid compounds produced by peppers (Capsicum spp.) is essential to assess quality. Here, we developed a rapid ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous separation of five major capsaicinoids and three major capsinoids from peppers. Optimal chromatographic separation was achieved using a phenyl-hexyl stationary phase with a mobile phase of acidified water and methanol with a flow rate of 0.5ml/min at a column temperature of 55C over 5min. The method was validated by testing linearity, precision, robustness, and limits of detection and quantification. The developed method was successfully employed to profile capsaicinoids and capsinoids from different pepper cultivars. Out of the 10 pepper cultivars analysed, all three major capsinoids were detected in two cultivars. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of successful separation of nordihydrocapsiate from capsiate and quantification of nordihydrocapsiate.
author list (cited authors)
Biradar, K., Singh, J., Pillai, S. S., Crosby, K. M., & Patil, B. S.
complete list of authors
Biradar, Kishan||Singh, Jashbir||Pillai, Syamkumar S||Crosby, Kevin M||Patil, Bhimanagouda S