PCE DNAPL degradation using ferrous iron solid mixture (ISM)
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Ferrous iron solid mixture (ISM) containing Fe(II), Fe(III), and Cl was synthesized for degradation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) as a dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL), and an extraction procedure was developed to measure concentrations of PCE in both the aqueous and non-aqueous phases. This procedure included adding methanol along with hexane in order to achieve the high extraction efficiency, particularly when solids were present. When PCE was present as DNAPL, dechlorination of PCE was observed to decrease linearly with respect to the total PCE concentration (aqueous and non-aqueous phases) and the concentration of PCE in the aqueous phase was observed to be approximately constant. In the absence of DNAPL, the rate of PCE degradation was observed to be the first-order with respect to the concentration in the aqueous phase. A kinetic model was developed to describe these observations and it was able to fit experimental data well. Increasing the concentration of Fe(II) in ISM increased the values of rate constants, while increasing the concentration of PCE DNAPL did not affect the value of the rate constant. The reactivity of ISM for PCE dechlorination might be close to that of Friedel's salt, and the accumulation of trichloroethylene (TCE) might imply the lower reactivity of ISM for degradation of TCE or the necessity of large amount of Fe(II) in ISM. TCE (the major chlorinated intermediate), ethene (the major non-chlorinated compound), acetylene and ethane were detected, which implied that both hydrogenolysis and beta-elimination were pathways of PCE DNAPL degradation on ISM.
author list (cited authors)
Lee, H., Do, S., Batchelor, B., Jo, Y., & Kong, S.