Embracing Pastoral Entrepreneurship during the Pandemic: Traits needed to be an Effective Digital Pastor Institutional Repository Document uri icon


  • Tech Trend papers provide a concise, but in-depth analysis of important themes raised in the Tech in Churches During COVID-19 research project which investigates how churches have adopted and adapted to technology during the global pandemic. This second paper identifies and discusses five key traits pastors found essential to running a successful online ministry, and reflect on how the pandemic required many pastors to step into a unique role as entrepreneurs. This Tech Trend paper draws conclusions from the analysis of 50 Tech Talk sessions with 478 congregational leaders from Indiana, hosted by the Center for Congregations in 2020 and 2021.

author list (cited authors)

  • Campbell, H. A., & Osteen, S.

complete list of authors

  • Campbell, Heidi A||Osteen, Sophia

publication date

  • January 2022