Active and Semi-active Adaptive Control for Undamaged and Damaged Building Structures Under Seismic Load Academic Article uri icon


  • During the lifetime of a structural system, many severe events such as earthquakes and strong winds may impact the system and result in potential damage. To mitigate the structural vibration and damage during these extreme events, control devices such as active and semi-active devices have received considerable attention because of their attractive characteristics. Active control devices are adaptable to any change and semi-active devices have the capability of offering the reliability of passive devices and the versatility and adaptability of active devices. In this research, a direct-adaptive-control method is used to control the behavior of an undamaged and a damaged structure using semi-active and active devices. In the adaptive control method, the controlled system is forced to behave like the model system which exhibits the desired behavior. The model of the adaptive control method is defined in a way to optimize the response of the controlled structure. The controller developed using this method can deal with changes that occur in the characteristics of the structure because it can modify its parameters during the control process. A magnetorheological (MR) damper is used as the semi-active device in this study, whereas a hydraulic actuator is utilized as the active device to control the behavior of the structure. The performance of a three-story building from the SAC project for the third generation of the control benchmark problem is studied by performing time-history analyses. The structure is subjected to different earthquakes and controlled by the direct adaptive control method. In the analysis of the structure, some stiffness reduction is assumed as a result of potential damage in the first story of the building. Also, the direct adaptive control strategy is used to optimize the response of the undamaged structure and to mitigate the damage impact on the performance of the controlled structure in the presence of noise for output measurements. The results of adaptive control method are compared with those of other control strategies. It is shown that the performance of the three-story building is improved using the adaptive control method. By assessing the results of different control approaches, it is found that the adaptive control method works more effectively than other methods and semi-active devices can provide reliable results. 2011Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Bitaraf, M., Hurlebaus, S., & Barroso, L. R.

citation count

  • 73

complete list of authors

  • Bitaraf, Maryam||Hurlebaus, Stefan||Barroso, Luciana R

publication date

  • January 2012