Understanding the pathways linking patient-centered communication to cancer survivors' emotional health: examining the mediating roles of self-efficacy and cognitive reappraisal. Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors commonly face psychological health issues upon cancer diagnosis, both during and after treatment. Patient-centered communication can play an important role in improving health outcomes among cancer survivors across the cancer continuum. The current study examined the influence of patient-centered communication on self-efficacy in managing health, cognitive reappraisal, and emotional distress among cancer survivors. METHODS: The analysis was conducted on a subsample of 809 cancer survivors acquired from a nationally representative 2019 Health Information National Trends Survey 5 (Cycle 3). Multivariate regression analysis was conducted to explore the pathways through which patient-centered communication can be associated with cancer survivors' emotional distress, mediated by self-efficacy and cognitive reappraisal. RESULTS: The results indicated that effective patient-centered provider communication led to higher self-efficacy in managing health, greater involvement in cognitive reappraisal, and decreased emotional distress among cancer survivors. Additionally, the results revealed that the effect of patient-centered communication that led to decreased emotional distress was fully mediated through self-efficacy and cognitive reappraisal. CONCLUSIONS: Although patient-centered communication positively relates to various emotional health outcomes among cancer survivors, it does not affect their emotional health directly. Self-efficacy and cognitive reappraisal play a crucial role in explaining the underlying mechanisms of such effects. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Future interventions to promote patient-centered communication in cancer care should give more emphasis to managing patients' emotions. Providers should not only recognize, elicit, and respond to patient's emotions, but also develop emotional regulation skills among patients, and improve their ability to cope with emotional distress.

published proceedings

  • J Cancer Surviv

altmetric score

  • 5.05

author list (cited authors)

  • Sardessai-Nadkarni, A. A., & Street, R. L.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Sardessai-Nadkarni, Arti A||Street, Richard L

publication date

  • February 2022