Effect of Dispersion Homogeneity on Specific Heat Capacity Enhancement of Molten Salt Nanomaterials Using Carbon Nanotubes Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The specific heat capacity of a carbonate salt eutectic-based carbon nanotube nanomaterial was measured in present study. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was used to measure the specific heat capacity of the nanomaterials. The specific heat capacity value in liquid phase was compared with that of a pure eutectic. A carbonate salt eutectic was used as a base material, which consists of lithium carbonate and potassium carbonate by 62:38 molar ratio. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNT) at 1% mass concentration were dispersed in the molten salt eutectic. In order to find an appropriate surfactant for synthesizing molten salt nanomaterials, three surfactants, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and gum arabic (GA), at 1% mass concentration with respect to the salt eutectic were added. In preparation of dehydrated nanomaterials, water was evaporated by heating vials on a hot plate. Three different temperature conditions (120, 140, and 160 °C) were employed to investigate the effect of dispersion homogeneity of the nanotubes in the base material on the specific heat capacity of the nanomaterials. It is expected that the amount of agglomerated nanotubes decreases with increase of evaporation temperature (shorter elapsed time for evaporation). The results showed that the specific heat capacity of the nanomaterials was enhanced up to 21% in liquid phase. Additionally, it was found that the specific heat capacity enhancement of the nanomaterials, which contained SDS, was more sensitive to the evaporation time. Also, it can be decided that GA is the most appropriate to disperse CNT into the aqueous salt solution. Finally, CNT dispersion was confirmed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) images for pre-DSC and post-DSC samples. Furthermore, theoretical predictions of the specific heat capacity were compared with the experimental results obtained in present study.

author list (cited authors)

  • Jo, B., & Banerjee, D.

citation count

  • 14

publication date

  • August 2014