Role of Clinical Pharmacists in Intensive Care Units. Academic Article uri icon


  • The cost of health care has been rising in the United States and globally and will continue to increase. Intensive care unit (ICU) care carries a significant portion of the cost for the hospitals. The Institute of Medicine and subsequent studies have suggested that medication errors account for significant morbidity, mortality, and cost, frequently encountered in the ICU. Over the past three decades, clinical pharmacists have emerged from dispensing medication to getting involved in direct patient care and have become an integral part of the multidisciplinary critical care team. Clinical pharmacists play a significant role in reducing medication errors and costs, medication reconciliation, antibiotic stewardship, and patient and health care provider education. This review will discuss the health care and ICU cost, the evolving role of clinical pharmacists in managing critically ill patients, and their contributions in the ICU to mitigate the risks, improve patient outcomes, and decrease health care costs.

published proceedings

  • Cureus

author list (cited authors)

  • Arredondo, E., Udeani, G., Horseman, M., Hintze, T. D., & Surani, S.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Arredondo, Enrique||Udeani, George||Horseman, Michael||Hintze, Trager D||Surani, Salim

publication date

  • January 2021


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