Multilevel Medium-Frequency Link Inverter for Utility Scale Photovoltaic Integration Academic Article uri icon


  • 1986-2012 IEEE. A multilevel topology with medium-frequency ac link for medium-voltage grid integration of utility photovoltaic (PV) plants is discussed in this paper. A megawatt-scale PV plant is divided into many zones, each comprising of two series-connected arrays. Each zone employs a medium-frequency transformer with three secondaries, which interface with the three phases of the medium voltage grid. An insulated-gate bipolar transistor full-bridge inverter feeds the MF transformer. The voltages at the transformer secondaries are then converted to three-phase line frequency ac by three full-bridge ac-ac converters. Second line frequency harmonic power does not appear in the dc bus, thereby reducing the dc capacitor size. Cascading several such cells, a high-quality multilevel medium-voltage output is generated. A new control method is proposed for the cascaded multilevel converter during partial shading while minimizing the switch ratings. The proposed topology eliminates the need for line frequency transformer isolation and reduces the dc bus capacitor size, while improving the power factor and energy yield. This paper presents the analysis, design example, and operation of a 10-MW utility PV system with experimental results on a scaled-down laboratory prototype.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Essakiappan, S., Krishnamoorthy, H. S., Enjeti, P., Balog, R. S., & Ahmed, S.

citation count

  • 117

complete list of authors

  • Essakiappan, Somasundaram||Krishnamoorthy, Harish S||Enjeti, Prasad||Balog, Robert S||Ahmed, Shehab

publication date

  • July 2015