A method for generating reduced-order combustion mechanisms that satisfy the differential entropy inequality Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper presents a new method for determining the Arrhenius parameters of a reduced chemical mechanism such that it satisfies the second law of thermodynamics. The strategy is to approximate the progress of each reaction in the reduced mechanism from the species production rates of a detailed mechanism by using a linear least squares method. A series of non-linear least squares curve fittings are then carried out to find the optimal Arrhenius parameters for each reaction. At this step, the molar rates of production are written such that they comply with a theorem that provides the sufficient conditions for satisfying the second law of thermodynamics. This methodology was used to modify the Arrhenius parameters for the Westbrook and Dryer two-step mechanism and the Peters and Williams three-step mechanism for methane combustion. Both optimized mechanisms showed good agreement with the detailed mechanism for species mole fractions and production rates of most major species. Both optimized mechanisms showed significant improvement over previous mechanisms in minor species production rate prediction. Both optimized mechanisms produced no violations of the second law of thermodynamics.

published proceedings

  • Physics of Fluids

author list (cited authors)

  • Ream, A. E., Slattery, J. C., & Cizmas, P.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Ream, Allen E||Slattery, John C||Cizmas, Paul GA

publication date

  • April 2018