Nanoporous Silicon Oxide Memory Academic Article uri icon


  • Oxide-based two-terminal resistive random access memory (RRAM) is considered one of the most promising candidates for next-generation nonvolatile memory. We introduce here a new RRAM memory structure employing a nanoporous (NP) silicon oxide (SiOx) material which enables unipolar switching through its internal vertical nanogap. Through the control of the stochastic filament formation at low voltage, the NP SiOx memory exhibited an extremely low electroforming voltage ( 1.6 V) and outstanding performance metrics. These include multibit storage ability (up to 9-bits), a high ON-OFF ratio (up to 10(7) A), a long high-temperature lifetime ( 10(4) s at 100 C), excellent cycling endurance ( 10(5)), sub-50 ns switching speeds, and low power consumption ( 6 10(-5) W/bit). Also provided is the room temperature processability for versatile fabrication without any compliance current being needed during electroforming or switching operations. Taken together, these metrics in NP SiOx RRAM provide a route toward easily accessed nonvolatile memory applications.

published proceedings

  • Nano Letters

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, G., Yang, Y., Lee, J., Abramova, V., Fei, H., Ruan, G., Thomas, E. L., & Tour, J. M.

publication date

  • January 1, 2014 11:11 AM