Dark Energy Survey Year 3 results: galaxy clustering and systematics treatment for lens galaxy samples
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In this work, we present the galaxy clustering measurements of the two DES lens galaxy samples: a magnitude-limited sample optimized for the measurement of cosmological parameters, maglim, and a sample of luminous red galaxies selected with the redmagic algorithm. maglim/redmagic sample contains over 10 million/2.5 million galaxies and is divided into six/five photometric redshift bins spanning the range z [0.20, 1.05]/z [0.15, 0.90]. Both samples cover 4143 $deg ^2$ over which we perform our analysis blind, measuring the angular correlation function with an S/N 63 for both samples. In a companion paper, these measurements of galaxy clustering are combined with the correlation functions of cosmic shear and galaxygalaxy lensing of each sample to place cosmological constraints with a 32pt analysis. We conduct a thorough study of the mitigation of systematic effects caused by the spatially varying survey properties and we correct the measurements to remove artificial clustering signals. We employ several decontamination methods with different configurations to ensure the robustness of our corrections and to determine the systematic uncertainty that needs to be considered for the final cosmology analyses. We validate our fiducial methodology using lognormal mocks, showing that our decontamination procedure induces biases no greater than 0.5 in the (m, b) plane, where b is the galaxy bias.