Quality of climate-smart agricultural advice offered by private and public sectors extensionists in Mbeere North Sub-County, Kenya Academic Article uri icon


  • This research adds to the knowledge of extension education by revealing the quality of climate-smart agricultural (CSA) advice offered by private and public extension sectors. The study was aimed at addressing the paucity of empirical data that exists relating to the quality of CSA advice. Using a semi-structured questionnaire, the descriptive and correlational study gathered data from a systematic sample of 115 farmers. There was a moderate positive correlation between extension effectiveness and adoption of CSA. There were significant differences between public, private, and both sectors in relation to the quality of information disseminated. The quality of private sectors advice was significantly lower than that of public sector and both sectors. There was no significant difference in quality of advice between public sector and both sectors. The quality of CSA advice was generally fair, however, heightened dissemination of CSA practices by both sectors of extension would yield better quality advice thus improve the adoption of the practices among farmers.

published proceedings

  • Advancements in Agricultural Development

altmetric score

  • 1.35

author list (cited authors)

  • Gikunda, R., Jepkurui, M., Kiptoo, S., & Baker, M.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Gikunda, Raphael||Jepkurui, Mary||Kiptoo, Simion||Baker, Mathew

publication date

  • January 2022