Sampling-based Nonholonomic Motion Planning in Belief Space via Dynamic Feedback Linearization-based FIRM
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In roadmap-based methods, such as the Probabilistic Roadmap Method (PRM) in deterministic environments or the Feedback-based Information RoadMap (FIRM) in partially observable probabilistic environments, a stabilizing controller is needed to guarantee node reachability in state or belief space. In belief space, it has been shown that belief-node reachability can be achieved using stationary Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controllers, for linearly controllable systems. However, for nonholonomic systems such as a unicycle model, belief reachability is a challenge. In this paper, we construct a roadmap in information space, where the local planners in partially-observable space are constructed by utilizing a Kalman filter as an estimator along with a Dynamic Feedback Linearization-based (DFL-based) controller as the belief controller. As a consequence, the task of belief stabilization to pre-defined nodes in belief space is accomplished even for nonholonomic systems. Therefore, a query-independent roadmap is generated in belief space that preserves the 'principle of optimality', required in dynamic programming solvers. This method serves as an offline POMDP solver for motion planning in belief space, which can seamlessly take obstacles into account. Experimental results show the efficiency of both individual local planners and the overall planner over the information graph for a nonholonomic model. © 2012 IEEE.
author list (cited authors)
Agha-Mohammadi, A., Chakravorty, S., & Amato, N. M.