Robonaut: A Robot Designed to Work with Humans in Space Academic Article uri icon


  • The Robotics Technology Branch at the NASA Johnson Space Center is developing robotic systems to assist astronauts in space. One such system, Robonaut, is a humanoid robot with the dexterity approaching that of a suited astronaut. Robonaut currently has two dexterous arms and hands, a three degree-of-freedom articulating waist, and a two degree-of-freedom neck used as a camera and sensor platform. In contrast to other space manipulator systems, Robonaut is designed to work within existing corridors and use the same tools as space walking astronauts. Robonaut is envisioned as working with astronauts, both autonomously and by teleoperation, performing a variety of tasks including, routine maintenance, setting up and breaking down worksites, assisting crew members while outside of spacecraft, and serving in a rapid response capacity.

published proceedings

  • Autonomous Robots

author list (cited authors)

  • Bluethmann, W., Ambrose, R., Diftler, M., Askew, S., Huber, E., Goza, M., ... Magruder, D.

citation count

  • 142

complete list of authors

  • Bluethmann, W||Ambrose, R||Diftler, M||Askew, S||Huber, E||Goza, M||Rehnmark, F||Lovchik, C||Magruder, D

publication date

  • March 2003