Study of the effects of single and multiple periodic droplet impingements on liquid film heat transfer Academic Article uri icon


  • A study of heat transfer and film dynamics caused by single and multiple streams of impinging droplets using HFE-7100 as the cooling liquid under constant heat flux conditions is presented. Single and multiple streams of mono-dispersed droplets were produced using a piezoelectric droplet generator with the ability to adjust parameters such as droplet impingement frequency, droplet diameter, droplet velocity, and spacing between adjacent impinging droplet streams. In this study, a heater consisting of a thin layer of Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) as heating element, combined with a Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) substrate was used for characterizing the heat transfer behavior and hydrodynamic phenomena of impinged liquid films near or at the onset of critical heat flux (CHF). Film thickness inside the impact crater was measured using the Total Internal Reflection (TIR) technique. Hydrodynamic phenomena of the droplet impact craters were analyzed using a high speed imaging technique. Impact regimes of the impinging droplets were identified and classified, and their effects on heat transfer performance are discussed. The study supports the notion that forced convection is the main heat transfer mechanism inside the impact crater due mainly to the high frequency and periodic nature of droplet impingement. Furthermore, droplet impingement regimes such as spreading and splashing have been observed to play an important role in the overall heat transfer behavior. Spacing between adjacent impinging droplet streams is also an important factor in surface cooling when multiple droplet streams are used. 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

author list (cited authors)

  • Soriano, G. E., Zhang, T., & Alvarado, J. L.

citation count

  • 31

complete list of authors

  • Soriano, Guillermo E||Zhang, Taolue||Alvarado, Jorge L

publication date

  • October 2014