System-Level Testing and Evaluation Plan for Field Robots: A Tutorial with Test Course Layouts Academic Article uri icon


  • Field robotics is a very important sub-field of robotic systems, focusing on systems which need to navigate in open, unpredictable terrain and perform non-repetitive missions while monitoring and reacting to their surroundings. General testing and validation standards for larger robotic systems, including field robots, have not been developed yet due to a variety of factors including disagreement over terminology and functional/performance requirements. This tutorial presents a generalized, step-by-step system-level test plan for field robots under manual, semi-autonomous/tele-operated, and autonomous control schemes; this includes a discussion of the requirements and testing parameters, and a set of suggested safety, communications, and behavior evaluation test courses. The testing plan presented here is relevant to both commercial and academic research into field robotics, providing a standardized general testing procedure.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Norris, W. R., & Patterson, A. E.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Norris, William R||Patterson, Albert E

publication date

  • September 2019