Clough, Melissa

Catherine 1985- (2012-12). Studies of Platinum Polyynyl Complexes: Elaboration of Novel "Click" Cycloadducts and Fluorous and Polygon Based Platinum Polyyndiyl Systems. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • The major directions of this dissertation involve (1) the syntheses and characterization of molecular polygons incorporating sp1hybridized carbon linkers and L2Pt corners (L2 = cis-1,3-diphosphine), (2) the development of protected carbon chain complexes featuring fluorous phosphine ligands and (3) click reactions of metal terminal polyynyl complexes and further metallations of the resulting triazole rings. A brief overview is provided in Chapter I. Chapter II details the syntheses of molecular squares containing bidendate diphosphine ligands of the formula R2C(CH2PPh2)2 where R = Me, Et, n-Bu, n-Dec, Bn, and p-tolCH2 (general designation dppp*), in which the R2 groups are intended to circumvent the solubility issues encountered by others. Their syntheses involve double substitutions of the dimesylate compounds R2C(CH2OMs)2 using KPPh2. Building blocks of the formulae (dppp*)PtCl2 and (dppp*)Pt((C?C)2H)2 are synthesized and characterized, including one crystal structure of the latter. The target complexes are accessed by reactions of (dppp*)PtCl2 with (dppp*)Pt((C?C)2H)2 under Sonogashira type conditions. Six new squares of the formula [(R2C(CH2PPh2)2)Pt(C?C)2]4 are characterized including two crystal structures. Further topics include approaches to higher homologues and cyclocarbon synthesis. Chapter III focuses on carbon chain complexes bearing fluorous phosphine ligands of the formula P((CH2)mRfn)3 (Rfn = (CF2)n-1CF3; m/n = 2/8, 3/8, and 3/10). Precursors of the formula trans-(C6F5)((Rfn(CH2)m)3P)2PtCl are synthesized and characterized, including one crystal structure, which reveals phase separation of the fluorous and non-fluorous domains. Reactions with butadiyne give trans-(C6F5)((Rfn(CH2)m)3P)2Pt(C?C)2H. Oxidative homocouplings afford the target complexes trans,trans-(C6F5)((Rfn(CH2)m)3P)2Pt(C?C)4(C6F5)(P((CH2)mRfn)3)2Pt. Cyclic voltammetry indicates irreversible oxidations of the title compounds, in contrast to partially reversible oxidations of non-fluorous analogues. Chapter IV focuses on multimetallic complexes achieved by click reactions in metal coordination spheres. The copper catalyzed click reaction between trans-(C6F5)(p-tol3P)2Pt(C?C)2H (1) and (?5-C5H4N3)Re(CO)3 affords the bimetallic 1,2,3-triazole trans-C6F5)(p1tol3P)2PtC?CC=CHN((?51C5H4)Re(CO)3)N=N. Further reactions with Re(CO)5OTf and Re(CO)5Br give trimetallated adducts, which represent the first species of this type. An alternative route to a trimetallic complex involves the twofold cycloaddition of the diazide (?5-C5H4N3)2Fe and 1, giving (?5-C5H4NN=N-C(trans-(C?C)Pt(Pp-tol3)2(C6F5)=CH)2Fe. The crystal structures of the di and trimetallic complexes are compared, but attempts to achieve a fourth metallation involving the =CH groups are unsuccessful. However, when the triazolium salt [trans-(C6F5)(p-tol3P)2PtC?CC=CHN(CH2C6H5)N=N(Me)]+ I- is treated with Ag2O and [Rh(COD)Cl]2, a =CRh adduct is obtained. The success of =CH metallation is correlated to the 1H NMR chemical shift, indicative of an electronic effect.
  • The major directions of this dissertation involve (1) the syntheses and characterization of molecular polygons incorporating sp1hybridized carbon linkers and L2Pt corners (L2 = cis-1,3-diphosphine), (2) the development of protected carbon chain complexes featuring fluorous phosphine ligands and (3) click reactions of metal terminal polyynyl complexes and further metallations of the resulting triazole rings. A brief overview is provided in Chapter I.



    Chapter II details the syntheses of molecular squares containing bidendate diphosphine ligands of the formula R2C(CH2PPh2)2 where R = Me, Et, n-Bu, n-Dec, Bn, and p-tolCH2 (general designation dppp*), in which the R2 groups are intended to circumvent the solubility issues encountered by others. Their syntheses involve double substitutions of the dimesylate compounds R2C(CH2OMs)2 using KPPh2. Building blocks of the formulae (dppp*)PtCl2 and (dppp*)Pt((C?C)2H)2 are synthesized and characterized, including one crystal structure of the latter. The target complexes are accessed by reactions of (dppp*)PtCl2 with (dppp*)Pt((C?C)2H)2 under Sonogashira type conditions. Six new squares of the formula [(R2C(CH2PPh2)2)Pt(C?C)2]4 are characterized including two crystal structures. Further topics include approaches to higher homologues and cyclocarbon synthesis.



    Chapter III focuses on carbon chain complexes bearing fluorous phosphine ligands of the formula P((CH2)mRfn)3 (Rfn = (CF2)n-1CF3; m/n = 2/8, 3/8, and 3/10). Precursors of the formula trans-(C6F5)((Rfn(CH2)m)3P)2PtCl are synthesized and characterized, including one crystal structure, which reveals phase separation of the fluorous and non-fluorous domains. Reactions with butadiyne give trans-(C6F5)((Rfn(CH2)m)3P)2Pt(C?C)2H. Oxidative homocouplings afford the target complexes trans,trans-(C6F5)((Rfn(CH2)m)3P)2Pt(C?C)4(C6F5)(P((CH2)mRfn)3)2Pt. Cyclic voltammetry indicates irreversible oxidations of the title compounds, in contrast to partially reversible oxidations of non-fluorous analogues.



    Chapter IV focuses on multimetallic complexes achieved by click reactions in metal coordination spheres. The copper catalyzed click reaction between trans-(C6F5)(p-tol3P)2Pt(C?C)2H (1) and (?5-C5H4N3)Re(CO)3 affords the bimetallic 1,2,3-triazole trans-C6F5)(p1tol3P)2PtC?CC=CHN((?51C5H4)Re(CO)3)N=N. Further reactions with Re(CO)5OTf and Re(CO)5Br give trimetallated adducts, which represent the first species of this type. An alternative route to a trimetallic complex involves the twofold cycloaddition of the diazide (?5-C5H4N3)2Fe and 1, giving (?5-C5H4NN=N-C(trans-(C?C)Pt(Pp-tol3)2(C6F5)=CH)2Fe. The crystal structures of the di and trimetallic complexes are compared, but attempts to achieve a fourth metallation involving the =CH groups are unsuccessful. However, when the triazolium salt [trans-(C6F5)(p-tol3P)2PtC?CC=CHN(CH2C6H5)N=N(Me)]+ I- is treated with Ag2O and [Rh(COD)Cl]2, a =CRh adduct is obtained. The success of =CH metallation is correlated to the 1H NMR chemical shift, indicative of an electronic effect.

publication date

  • December 2012