Sideways-peaked angular distributions in hadron-induced multifragmentation: Shock waves, geometry, or kinematics?
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Exclusive studies of sideways-peaked angular distributions for intermediate-mass fragments (IMFs) produced in hadron-induced reactions have been performed with the Indiana silicon sphere (ISiS) detector array. The effect becomes prominent for beam momenta above about [Formula Presented] Both the magnitude of the effect and the peak angle increase as a function of fragment multiplicity and charge. When gated on IMF kinetic energy, the angular distributions evolve from forward peaked to nearly isotropic as the fragment energy decreases. Fragment-fragment correlation studies show no evidence for a preferred angle that might signal a fast dynamic breakup mechanism. Moving-source and intranuclear cascade simulations suggest a possible kinematic origin arising from significant transverse momentum imparted to the recoil nucleus during the fast cascade. A two-step cascade and statistical multifragmentation calculation is consistent with the data. © 1998 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Hsi, W., Kwiatkowski, K., Wang, G., Bracken, D. S., Cornell, E., Ginger, D. S., ... Botvina, A.