Risk, stress, and capacity - Explaining metropolitan commitment to climate protection Academic Article uri icon


  • Climate change and mitigation policies adopted by a locality indelibly impact urban form, landscape, and economy. The Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) has become a dominant movement organizing the localities to proactively address climate change. This study examines metropolitan area commitment to the CCP. Geographic information systems (GIS) and statistical techniques are used to analyze metros on dimensions of climate change risk, stress, and civic capacity. Climate change risk measures a metro area's coastal proximity, ecosystem sensitivity, and susceptibility to extreme weather events. Climate change stress summarizes transportation, energy, and production practices that adversely affect climate systems. Civic capacity estimates human capital and environmental concern variables that constitute a metro area's ability to commit to policy initiatives. Statistical results indicate that high stressor areas are significantly less likely to participate in the CCP campaign, and metros high in civic capacity are significantly more likely to commit to the CCP campaign.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Zahran, S., Grover, H., Brody, S. D., & Vedlitz, A.

citation count

  • 131

complete list of authors

  • Zahran, Sammy||Grover, Himanshu||Brody, Samuel D||Vedlitz, Arnold

publication date

  • March 2008