Sequencing, assembly and annotation of the whole-insect genome of Lymantria dispar dispar, the European gypsy moth. Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract The European gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar dispar (LDD), is an invasive insect and a threat to urban trees, forests and forest-related industries in North America. For use as a comparator with a previously published genome based on the LD652 pupal ovary-derived cell line, as well as whole-insect genome sequences obtained from the Asian gypsy moth subspecies L. dispar asiatica and L. dispar japonica, the whole-insect LDD genome was sequenced, assembled and annotated. The resulting assembly was 998 Mb in size, with a contig N50 of 662 Kb and a GC content of 38.8%. Long interspersed nuclear elements constitute 25.4% of the whole-insect genome, and a total of 11,901 genes predicted by automated gene finding encoded proteins exhibiting homology with reference sequences in the NCBI NR and/or UniProtKB databases at the most stringent similarity cutoff level (i.e., the gold tier). These results will be especially useful in developing a better understanding of the biology and population genetics of L. dispar and the genetic features underlying Lepidoptera in general.

published proceedings

  • G3 (Bethesda)

altmetric score

  • 2

author list (cited authors)

  • Sparks, M. E., Hebert, F. O., Johnston, J. S., Hamelin, R. C., Cusson, M., Levesque, R. C., & Gundersen-Rindal, D. E.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Sparks, Michael E||Hebert, Francois Olivier||Johnston, J Spencer||Hamelin, Richard C||Cusson, Michel||Levesque, Roger C||Gundersen-Rindal, Dawn E

editor list (cited editors)

  • Oliver, B.

publication date

  • August 2021