High-speed functional photoacoustic microscopy using a water-immersible two-axis torsion-bending scanner
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Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) can provide functional, anatomical, and molecular images at micrometer level resolution with an imaging depth of less than 1 mm in tissue. However, the imaging speed of traditional OR-PAM is often low due to the point-by-point mechanical scanning and cannot capture time-sensitive dynamic information. In this work, we demonstrate a recent effort in improving the imaging speed of OR-PAM, using a newly developed water-immersible two-axis scanner. Driven by water-compatible electromagnetic actuation force, the new scanning mirror employs a novel torsion-bending mechanism to achieve fast 2D scanning. The torsion scanning along the fast-axis works in the resonant model, and the bending scanning along the slow-axis operate at the quasi-static mode. The scanning speed and scanning range along the two axes can be independently adjusted. Steered by the two-axis torsion-bending scanning mirror immersed in water, the focused excitation light and the generated acoustic wave can be confocally aligned over the entire imaging area. Thus, a high imaging speed can be achieved without sacrificing the detection sensitivity. Equipped with the torsion-bending scanner, the high-speed OR-PAM system has achieved a cross-sectional frame rate of 400 Hz, and a volumetric imaging speed of 1 Hz over a field of view of 1.5 × 2.5 mm2. We have also demonstrated high-speed OR-PAM of the hemodynamic changes in response to pharmaceutical and physiological challenges in small animal models in vivo. We expect the torsion-bending scanner based OR-PAM will find matched biomedical studies of tissue dynamics.
author list (cited authors)
Chen, M., Duan, X., Lan, B., Vu, T., Zhu, X., Rong, Q., ... Yao, J.
complete list of authors
Chen, Maomao||Duan, Xiaoyu||Lan, Bangxin||Vu, Tri||Zhu, Xiaoyi||Rong, Qiangzhou||Yang, Wei||Hoffmann, Ulrike||Zou, Jun||Yao, Junjie