Flammability and Thermal Kinetic Analysis of UiO-66-Based PMMA Polymer Composites Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are emerging as novel flame retardants for polymers, which, typically, can improve their thermal stability and flame retardancy. However, there is a lack of specific studies on the thermal decomposition kinetics of MOF-based polymer composites, although it is known that they are important for the modeling of flaming ignition, burning, and flame spread over them. The thermal decomposition mechanisms of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) have been well investigated, which makes PMMA an ideal polymer to evaluate how fillers affect its decomposition process and kinetics. Thus, in this study, UiO-66, a common type of MOF, was embedded into PMMA to form a composite. Based on the results from the microscale combustion calorimeter, the values of the apparent activation energy of PMMA/UiO-66 composites were calculated and compared against those of neat PMMA. Furthermore, under cone calorimeter tests, UiO-66, at only 1.5 wt%, can reduce the maximum burning intensity and average mass loss rate of PMMA by 14.3% and 12.4%, respectively. By combining UiO-66 and SiO2 to form a composite, it can contribute to forming a more compact protective layer, which shows a synergistic effect on reducing the maximum burning intensity and average mass loss rate of PMMA by 22.0% and 14.7%, respectively.

published proceedings

  • Polymers

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Shen, R., Yan, T., Ma, R., Joseph, E., Quan, Y., Zhou, H., & Wang, Q

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Shen, Ruiqing||Yan, Tian-Hao||Ma, Rong||Joseph, Elizabeth||Quan, Yufeng||Zhou, Hong-Cai||Wang, Qingsheng

publication date

  • November 2021