Trends in the Surgical Incidence of Cystic Echinococcosis in Uzbekistan from 2011 to 2018.
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Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonosis with a cosmopolitan distribution caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato tapeworms. Although Uzbekistan and other countries in Central Asia are considered endemic, estimates of disease burden are lacking. We present data regarding surgically managed cases of CE obtained from Uzbekistan's national disease surveillance registry. These data are from medical centers in Uzbekistan authorized to treat the disease and reported to the Uzbek Center for Sanitation and Epidemiology from the period 2011 to 2018. Information included patient age class (children 14 years or younger versus adults 15 years and older), but no data regarding cyst location. Incidence rates were calculated using data from the national population registry, and the Cuzick nonparametric test for trends was used to test for differences in the incidence over time at the country and regional levels. A total of 7,309 CE cases were reported. Of these, 857 (11.73%) involved pediatric patients. The mean incidence rates were 4.4 per 100,000 population in 2011 and 2.3 per 100,000 population in 2018 (P = 0.016). One region (Republic of Karalpakistan) showed a nonstatistically significant increase (P = 0.824). All other regions except three showed a statistically significant decrease. We present data showing a decrease in the overall incidence of surgically treated CE in Uzbekistan from 2011 to 2018. However, the presence of cases involving children suggests ongoing parasite transmission. The absence of clinical information (starting with cyst stage and localization) needs to be addressed to improve the national surveillance system. Field studies are also needed to further explore the epidemiology of CE in the country.
author list (cited authors)
Colpani, A., Achilova, O., D'Alessandro, G. L., Budke, C. M., Mariconti, M., Muratov, T., ... Manciulli, T.
complete list of authors
Colpani, Agnese||Achilova, Olesya||D'Alessandro, Gian Luca||Budke, Christine M||Mariconti, Mara||Muratov, Timur||Vola, Ambra||Mamedov, Arzu||Giordani, Maria Teresa||Urukov, Xusan||De Silvestri, Annalisa||Suvonkulov, Uktam||Brunetti, Enrico||Manciulli, Tommaso