Development, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Mango Pulp Extractor for Cottage Industry Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The loss of fresh fruits after harvesting is not new since it has constantly been a challenge for humankind. The growing population in developing countries, where food shortages exist, require serious food security measures to address hunger and malnutrition. Present research focused on the development, fabrication and testing of mango pulp extractor to assist small-scale fruit farmers in the countryside with a view to minimizing fruit spoilage. The unit, whose major material was food grade stainless steel (SS-304), consists of major components such as teflon brushes mounted shaft, motor, main frame, hopper, extraction compartment, pulp outlet, fruit residue outlet, perforated sieve and bearings. After construction, the machine was tested at three feed rate (2.0, 2.5, 3.0 kg/min) and extraction speed levels (500, 900 and 1400 rpm). Each of these factors was replicated three times, which resulted into 3 3 3 factorial experimental design. The optimum operating parameters for maximum pulp yield, maximum extraction efficiency and minimum extraction losses were determined. The physicochemical analysis of the extracted pulp was also carried out. Results revealed a maximum pulp yield of 77.9%, highest extraction efficiency of 96.03% and highest extraction loss of 9.3%. The mango pulp extraction machine was found to be affordable, easy to operate and maintain. The breakeven point of the machine was found to be 40 h if the machine is operated at its peak capacity. Therefore, it is recommended for small-scale farmers and for cottage industry.

published proceedings

  • AgriEngineering

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Akram, M. E., Khan, M. A., Khan, M. U., Amin, U., Haris, M., Mahmud, M. S., ... Lorenzo, J. M.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Akram, Muhammad Ehtasham||Khan, Muhammad Azam||Khan, Muhammad Usman||Amin, Usman||Haris, Muhammad||Mahmud, Md Sultan||Zahid, Azlan||Pateiro, Mirian||Lorenzo, José M

publication date

  • October 2021