Anticoagulants in the Management of Pulmonary Embolism Chapter uri icon


  • Pulmonary embolism management has typically been accomplished with anticoagulant treatment that includes parenteral heparins and oral vitamin K antagonists. Even though heparins and oral vitamin K antagonists continue to play a role in pulmonary embolism management, other newer available options have somewhat reduced the role of heparins and vitamin K antagonists in pulmonary embolism management. This reduction in utilization involves their toxicity profile, clearance limitations, and many drug and nutrient interactions. New direct oral anticoagulation therapies have led to more available options in the management of pulmonary embolism in the inpatient and outpatient settings. More evidence and research are now available about reversal agents and monitoring parameters regarding these newer agents, leading to more interest in administering them for safe and effective pulmonary embolism management. Current research and literature have also helped direct the selection of appropriate use of pharmacological management of pulmonary embolism based on the specific population such as patients with liver failure, renal failure, malignancy, and COVID-19.

author list (cited authors)

  • Panahi, L., Udeani, G., Horseman, M., Weston, J., Samuel, N., Joseph, M., ... Patel, P.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Panahi, Ladan||Udeani, George||Horseman, Michael||Weston, Jaye||Samuel, Nephy||Joseph, Merlyn||Mora, Andrea||Bazan, Daniela||Patel, Pooja

editor list (cited editors)

  • George Udeani.

Book Title

  • New Knowledge about Pulmonary Thromoboembolism

publication date

  • November 2021