Antimicrobial effect of Moringa oleifera seed powder against Vibrio cholerae isolated from the rearing water of shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) postlarvae. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Shrimp farming has experienced rising costs as a result of disease outbreaks associated with Vibrio spp. Suitable strategies for disease prevention and control are therefore urgently needed. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of Moringa oleifera seed powder against Vibrio cholerae in the rearing water of Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) postlarvae. In vitro assays included the determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of M. oleifera seed powder against V. cholerae, whereas in vivo assays included the effect of M. oleifera seed powder on bacterial load and water quality parameters in the rearing tanks, as well as its effect on shrimp postlarvae survival. M. oleifera seed powder inhibited the growth of V. cholerae with MIC values of 625gml-1 . Moreover, seawater pH of treated tanks (866) was significantly lower (P<001) than pH of the control tanks (902), whereas the visibility of treated tanks (3708cm) was significantly higher (P<001) as compared to control tanks (3537cm). Likewise, V. cholerae load was significantly reduced (P<001) from 47104 to 31103 CFU per ml in tanks treated with M. oleifera seed powder. Altogether, this study demonstrates the antimicrobial activity of M. oleifera against V. cholerae in shrimp culture.

published proceedings

  • Lett Appl Microbiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Flores, B., Ramrez, E., Moncada, A., Salinas, N., Fischer, R., Hernndez, C., ... Balczar, J. L.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Flores, B||Ramírez, E||Moncada, A||Salinas, N||Fischer, R||Hernández, C||Mora-Sánchez, B||Sheleby-Elías, J||Jirón, W||Balcázar, JL

publication date

  • February 2022

publisher