Comparison of Salt Exclusion in Muscadine and Interspecific Hybrid Grapes Using a Greenhouse Screening Procedure Academic Article uri icon


  • Bunch grapes (Euvitis) are classified as moderately salt-tolerant. However, little is known about the salt tolerance of muscadine grapes (Vitis rotundifolia). The objective of this research was to evaluate the salt exclusion capacity of muscadine grapes relative to common bunch grape rootstocks and hybrid winegrapes using a greenhouse screening assay. In two separate experiments, 31 muscadine, six bunch grape rootstocks, and five hybrid winegrape cultivars were irrigated daily with a 25-mm sodium chloride salt solution for a period of 14 d, followed by a destructive harvest to determine sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) concentrations in root and shoot tissues. Generally, the muscadines studied exhibited a greater range of salt concentration relative to bunch grape rootstocks. Total tissue (shoot and root) salt varied by 250% and 430% across muscadines and by 180% and 190% across bunch grape rootstocks for Na and Cl, respectively. Despite the wider range, muscadine grapes expressed significantly less leaf necrosis than the bunch grape rootstocks. The most effective salt-excluding muscadines, Janebell, Scuppernong, Late Fry, and Eudora, were not distinguishable from the bunch grape rootstocks [Paulsen 1103 (1103P), Ruggeri 140 (140Ru), Schwarzmann, Millardet et de Grasset 101-14 (101-14 Mgt.), Millardet et de Grasset 420A (420A), and Matador]. Overall, there was no discernable difference between the salt exclusion capacity of muscadine and bunch grapes. The hybrid winegrape Blanc Du Bois displayed poor Na and Cl exclusion properties but showed only moderate leaf necrosis symptoms. In both experiments, Blanc Du Bois accumulated more than two-fold higher root and shoot concentrations of Na and Cl compared with the best-performing rootstocks (1103P, 140Ru, 101-14 Mgt.), suggesting that Blanc Du Bois could benefit from grafting if salinity is a limiting factor.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Hillin, D., Helwi, P., & Scheiner, J. J.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Hillin, Danny||Helwi, Pierre||Scheiner, Justin J

publication date

  • December 2021