Insights into the Regulation of Implantation and Placentation in Humans, Rodents, Sheep, and Pigs. Chapter uri icon

abstract

  • Precise cell-specific spatio-temporal molecular signaling cascades regulate the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Importantly, the mechanisms regulating uterine receptivity, conceptus apposition and adhesion to the uterine luminal epithelia/superficial glandular epithelia and, in some species, invasion into the endometrial stroma and decidualization of stromal cells, are critical prerequisite events for placentation which is essential for the appropriate regulation of feto-placental growth for the remainder of pregnancy. Dysregulation of these signaling cascades during this critical stage of pregnancy can lead to pregnancy loss, impaired growth and development of the conceptus, and alterations in the transplacental exchange of gasses and nutrients. While many of these processes are conserved across species, significant variations in the molecular mechanisms governing maternal recognition of pregnancy, conceptus implantation, and placentation exist. This review addresses the complexity of key mechanisms that are critical for the establishment and maintenance of a successful pregnancy in humans, rodents, sheep, and pigs. Improving understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing these processes is critical to enhancing the fertility and reproductive health of humans and livestock species.

author list (cited authors)

  • Stenhouse, C., Seo, H., Wu, G., Johnson, G. A., & Bazer, F. W.

complete list of authors

  • Stenhouse, Claire||Seo, Heewon||Wu, Guoyao||Johnson, Gregory A||Bazer, Fuller W

Book Title

  • Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition and Metabolism

publication date

  • November 2022