Impacts of Climate Change on Livestock Location in the US: A Statistical Analysis Academic Article uri icon


  • Livestock production is a valuable part of US agriculture as it contributes 50% of total agricultural value. Climate change is likely a threat to livestock production, but research regarding the impact of climate change on livestock sectors is limited. This paper examines how climate change affects livestock mix and location. Specifically, we examine climate effects on grazing animals and, in particular, on beef cattle, dairy cattle, goats, and sheep. We examine this in the US based on county-level data by using fractional multinomial logit econometrics. Our results show that climate is an influential determinant of where livestock herds are located and species mix. The impacts of climate vary by species and region. We also find significant influences from geographic characteristics and animal product prices. Subsequently, we project how climate change would influence future livestock mix and location. It reveals a likely growth in beef cow land shares across most of the US with the largest gains in the northwest. We also find substitutions between species as climate change progresses with dairy cows exhibiting the largest reduction.

published proceedings

  • LAND

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, M., & McCarl, B. A.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Minglu||McCarl, Bruce A

publication date

  • November 2021


published in