SARS-CoV-2 inhibits induction of the MHC class I pathway by targeting the STAT1-IRF1-NLRC5 axis Academic Article uri icon


  • The MHC class I-mediated antigen presentation pathway plays a critical role in antiviral immunity. Here we show that the MHC class I pathway is targeted by SARS-CoV-2. Analysis of the gene expression profile from COVID-19 patients as well as SARS-CoV-2 infected epithelial cell lines reveals that the induction of the MHC class I pathway is inhibited by SARS-CoV-2 infection. We show that NLRC5, an MHC class I transactivator, is suppressed both transcriptionally and functionally by the SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 protein, providing a mechanistic link. SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 hampers type II interferon-mediated STAT1 signaling, resulting in diminished upregulation of NLRC5 and IRF1 gene expression. Moreover, SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 inhibits NLRC5 function via blocking karyopherin complex-dependent nuclear import of NLRC5. Collectively, our study uncovers an immune evasion mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 that targets the function of key MHC class I transcriptional regulators, STAT1-IRF1-NLRC5.

author list (cited authors)

  • Yoo, J., Sasaki, M., Cho, S. X., Kasuga, Y., Zhu, B., Ouda, R., ... Kobayashi, K. S.

complete list of authors

  • Yoo, Ji-Seung||Sasaki, Michihito||Cho, Steven X||Kasuga, Yusuke||Zhu, Baohui||Ouda, Ryota||Orba, Yasuko||de Figueiredo, Paul||Sawa, Hirofumi||Kobayashi, Koichi S

publication date

  • January 2021