Evaluating the effects of a dietary synbiotic or synbiotic plus enhanced organic acid on broiler performance and cecal and carcass Salmonella load.
Additional Document Info
Several feed additives such as synbiotics and organic acids may be viable options for controlling Salmonella in poultry. This experiment was conducted to study the effects of synbiotic product or synbiotic plus enhanced organic acid program on broiler performance, intestinal histomorphology, and cecal and carcass Salmonella load. A total of 648 day-of-hatch Cobb 700 male broiler chicks were randomly allocated to one of 4 dietary treatments: basal control diet (CON), CON diet supplemented with a synbiotic (PoultryStar; 500 g/MT; PS), CON diet supplemented with PS in the starter phase and enhanced organic acid (Biotronic PX Top3 US; 500g/MT; BPX) in the grower and finisher phase (PS1+BPX2), and the CON diet supplemented with PS in the starter and grower phase and BPX in the finisher phase (PS2+BPX1). No differences in overall BW or BWG (P > 0.05) were observed among PS, PS1+BPX2, and PS2+BPX1; however, BW was consistently greater (P < 0.05) in PS, PS1+BPX2, and PS2+BPX1 compared with CON on d 14 28, 35, and 42. On d 1 to 14 and d 1 to 28, PS and PS2+BPX1 improved FCR compared to CON (P < 0.05); PS1+BPX2 had intermediate results. No differences (P > 0.05) in overall FI were observed among dietary treatments, although PS1+BP2 and PS2+BPX1 increased FI numerically compared to CON and PS. Both PS1+BPX2 and PS2+BPX1 had reduced carcass Salmonella load by 1.6 and 1.4 log units, respectively, compared with CON (P < 0.05); PS had intermediate results. Birds fed PS1+BPX2 and PS2+BPX1 reduced the percentage of postchilled carcasses that tested positive for Salmonella by 72% and 57%, respectively, compared to CON, while PS had intermediate results with a 43% reduction. This experiment demonstrated that dietary supplementation with synbiotic or synbiotic plus organic acid can be used as a potential tool to improve growth performance and reduce carcass Salmonella in broilers.