Impact of High Fat Diet and Bolus Feeding on Chyle Accumulation in a Mouse Model of Generalized Lymphatic Anomaly
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Background: Generalized lymphatic anomalies (GLA) are complex vessel malformations that can impair lymphatic function. Potential GLA complications include lipid-rich lymph in the thoracic space or peritoneal cavity, respectively chylothorax and chylous ascites. To reduce the potential for chyle accumulation, GLA patients limit dietary fats. We hypothesized that dietary fatty acid composition impacts the potential for lymphatic dysfunction and chyle accumulation in GLA. Methods and Results: Adipose-specific overexpression of lymphatic growth factors has demonstrated lethal chylothorax in mice. Here, we utilized mice with inducible adipocyte overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VD mice) to mimic lymphatic proliferation in GLA and assessed the incidence of chyle accumulation on a mixed high fat diet (HFD), high saturated fat diet (HSFD), or high unsaturated fat diet (HUSFD). Lipid transport was assessed by uptake rates of bolus oral triglyceride load and mesenteric fat analysis. Lymphatic expansion and inflammation were determined by whole mount immunofluorescence and gene expression. Body composition was assessed by MRI. HSFD 2-month wildtype groups resulted in an increase in TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 expression compared with chow-fed controls. The chyle accumulation incidence was highest in HFD-fed mice compared with either HSFD or HUSFD. Strikingly, increased mortality was observed irrespective of which high fat diet was consumed after administration of a bolus lipid load. Conclusion: Chronic HFD increases risk of chyle accumulation, however increased mortality was driven particularly by a bolus lipid load in VD mice. These findings suggest that although chronic HFD increases chyle accumulation risk, a single large meal feeding may increase risk of lethal chylothorax instances for GLA patients.
Lymphatic Research and Biology
author list (cited authors)
Creed, H. A., Sanfelippo, A. N., Reyna, A. J., Chakraborty, A., & Rutkowski, J. M
complete list of authors
Creed, Heidi A||Sanfelippo, Ashley N||Reyna, Andrea J||Chakraborty, Adri||Rutkowski, Joseph M