Evaluation of Sodium Bisulfate on Reducing Salmonella Heidelberg Biofilm and Colonization in Broiler Crops and Ceca. Academic Article uri icon


  • Salmonella Heidelberg (SH) on contaminated poultry causes economic and health risks to producers and consumers. We hypothesized that sodium bisulfate (SBS) would decrease SH biofilm on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) coupons and decrease the horizontal transfer of SH in broilers. Experiment 1: Salmonella Heidelberg biofilm was cultured with PVC coupons, which were treated with SBS at a pH of 3.5 for 10 min, 8 h, and 24 h. Experiment 2: Nine replicate pens per treatment were divided between two rooms. A seeder contact model was used to mimic a natural infection environment. Treatments consisted of tap water or sodium bisulfate in water at a pH of 3.5. Salmonella Heidelberg incidence and enumeration were measured in crops and ceca. Sodium bisulfate significantly reduced biofilm by 2.16 and 1.04 logs when treated for 8 and 24 h, respectively. Crop colonization was significantly decreased in trials 1 and 2 by 0.29 and 0.23 logs, respectively. Crop pH was significantly decreased in trial 2. Ceca colonization was significantly decreased in trial 1 by 0.39 logs. The results from the present study suggest that SBS may be administered to drinking water to decrease SH gut colonization and to reduce biofilm.

published proceedings

  • Microorganisms

author list (cited authors)

  • Pineda, M. R., Byrd, J. A., Genovese, K. J., Farnell, Y. Z., Zhao, D., Wang, X. i., Milby, A. C., & Farnell, M. B.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Pineda, Megan Rose||Byrd, James Allen||Genovese, Kenneth James||Farnell, Yuhua Zhang||Zhao, Dan||Wang, Xi||Milby, Allison Claire||Farnell, Morgan Brian

publication date

  • January 2021