Randomized, controlled trial comparing Rhodococcus equi and poly‐ N ‐acetyl glucosamine hyperimmune plasma to prevent R equi pneumonia in foals
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BackgroundHyperimmune plasma raised against β-1→6-poly-N-acetyl glucosamine (PNAG HIP) mediates more opsonophagocytic killing of Rhodococcus equi (R equi) than does R equi hyperimmune plasma (RE HIP) in vitro. The relative efficacy of PNAG HIP and RE HIP to protect foals against R equi pneumonia, however, has not been evaluated.
HypothesisTransfusion with PNAG HIP will be superior to RE HIP in foals for protection against R equi pneumonia in a randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial.
AnimalsFour hundred sixty Quarter Horse and Thoroughbred foals at 5 large breeding farms in the United States.
MethodsA randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial was conducted in which foals were transfused within 24 hours after birth with 2 L of either RE HIP or PNAG HIP. Study foals were monitored through weaning for clinical signs of pneumonia by farm veterinarians. The primary outcome was the proportion of foals that developed pneumonia after receiving each type of plasma.
ResultsThe proportion of foals that developed pneumonia was the same between foals transfused with RE HIP (14%; 32/228) and PNAG HIP (14%; 30/215).
Conclusions and clinical importanceResults indicate that PNAG HIP was not superior to a commercially available, United States Department of Agriculture-licensed RE HIP product for protecting foals against R equi pneumonia under field conditions.
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
author list (cited authors)
Kahn, S. K., Cywes‐Bentley, C., Blodgett, G. P., Canaday, N. M., Turner‐Garcia, C. E., Flores‐Ahlschwede, P., ... Cohen, N. D.
complete list of authors
Kahn, Susanne K||Cywes‐Bentley, Colette||Blodgett, Glenn P||Canaday, Nathan M||Turner‐Garcia, Carly E||Flores‐Ahlschwede, Patricia||Metcalfe, Laurie L||Nevill, Mark||Vinacur, Mariana||Sutter, Patrick J||Meyer, Sarah C||Bordin, Angela I||Pier, Gerald B||Cohen, Noah D