Najafi, Massieh (2003-12). Use of Autoassociative Neural Networks for Sensor Diagnostics. Master's Thesis.
The new approach for sensor diagnostics is presented. The approach, Enhanced Autoassociative Neural Networks (E-AANN), adds enhancement to Autoassociative Neural Networks (AANN) developed by Kramer in 1992. This enhancement allows AANN to identify faulty sensors. E-AANN uses a secondary optimization process to identify and reconstruct sensor faults. Two common types of sensor faults are investigated, drift error and shift or offset error. In the case of drift error, the sensor error occurs gradually while in the case of shift error, the sensor error occurs abruptly. EAANN catches these error types. A chiller model provided synthetic data to test the diagnostic approach under various noise level conditions. The results show that sensor faults can be detected and corrected in noisy situations with the E-AANN method described. In high noisy situations (10% to 20% noise level), E-AANN performance degrades. E-AANN performance in simple dynamic systems was also investigated. The results show that in simple dynamic situations, E-AANN identifies faulty sensors.