Prevention and Detection of Fungicide Resistance Development in Rhizoctonia zeae from Soybean and Corn in Nebraska Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The goal of this research was to advance the foundational knowledge required to quantify and mitigate fungicide resistance in Rhizoctonia zeae, the seedling disease pathogen of soybean and corn. In vitro sensitivity to azoxystrobin, fludioxonil, sedaxane, and/or prothioconazole was determined for 91 R. zeae isolates obtained mostly from soybean and corn fields in Nebraska. Isolates were sensitive to fludioxonil, sedaxane, and prothioconazole (EC50 < 3 g/ml) and had a positively skewed EC50 distribution. Isolates were not sensitive to azoxystrobin invitro (EC50 > 100 g/ml) or in planta. Application of azoxystrobin did not significantly decrease disease severity or improve total dry weight of the soybean plants (P > 0.05). The risk of resistance development in R. zeae was estimated by characterizing its population structure. Eighty-one R. zeae isolates were genotyped using six microsatellite markers. Results showed that the population has a mixed mode of reproduction and is structured according to geographic region, suggesting limited dispersal. These population characteristics suggest that R. zeae has an intermediate risk of resistance development. Overall, this research established the current status of fungicide sensitivity in R. zeae in Nebraska and estimated its risk of resistance development, which can inform fungicide resistance management for R. zeae.

published proceedings

  • Plant Health Progress

author list (cited authors)

  • Gambhir, N., Kodati, S., Huff, M., Silva, F., Ajayi-Oyetunde, O., Staton, M., ... Everhart, S. E.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Gambhir, Nikita||Kodati, Srikanth||Huff, Matthew||Silva, Fl├ívio||Ajayi-Oyetunde, Olutoyosi||Staton, Margaret||Bradley, Carl||Adesemoye, Anthony O||Everhart, Sydney E

publication date

  • January 1, 2021 11:11 AM