Assessment and Classification of Volatile Profiles in Melon Breeding Lines Using Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Coupled with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.
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Cucumis melo L is one of the most commercial and economical crops in the world with several health beneficial compounds as such carotenoids, amino acids, vitamin A and C, minerals, and dietary fiber. Evaluation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in different melon (Cucumis melo L.) breeding lines provides useful information for improving fruit flavor, aroma, and antimicrobial levels. In this study, the VOCs in 28 melon breeding lines harvested in 2019 were identified and characterized using head space solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This identified 113 VOCs with significant differences in composition and contents of among the breeding lines, including 15 esters, 27 aldehydes, 35 alcohols, 14 ketones, 4 acids, 10 hydrocarbons, 5 sulfurs, and 3 other compounds. The highest average contents of all the VOCs were found in BL-30 (13,973.07 g/kg FW) and the lowest were in BL-22 (3947.13 g/kg FW). BL-9 had high levels of carotenoid-derived VOCs. The compounds with the highest contents were benzaldehyde, geranylacetone, and -ionone. Quality parameters such as color and sugar contents of melons were also measured. All the melon color readings were within the typical acceptable range. BL-22 and BL-14 had the highest and lowest sugar contents, respectively. Principal component analysis (PCA) produced diverse clusters of breeding lines based on flavor and aroma. BL-4, BL-7, BL-12, BL-20, and BL-30 were thus selected as important breeding lines based on their organoleptic, antimicrobial, and health-beneficial properties.
author list (cited authors)
Majithia, D., Metrani, R., Dhowlaghar, N., Crosby, K. M., & Patil, B. S.
complete list of authors
Majithia, Drishti||Metrani, Rita||Dhowlaghar, Nitin||Crosby, Kevin M||Patil, Bhimanagouda S